Cats are known for their particular dietary preferences, and as responsible pet owners, it’s essential to be mindful of what we feed our feline friends. Tomatoes are a common ingredient in many human dishes, but can cats eat tomatoes? In this article, we will explore the potential risks and benefits of feline tomato consumption and whether they should be included in your cat’s diet.

Tomatoes and Toxicity:

Tomatoes are part of the nightshade family, which includes various plants that contain a substance called solanine. While ripe tomatoes have lower levels of solanine, unripe tomatoes, leaves, stems, and green tomatoes contain higher concentrations of this toxic compound. Solanine can be harmful to cats if ingested in significant amounts.

The Risks of Tomato Consumption for Cats:

  1. Solanine Toxicity: As mentioned, solanine can be found in unripe tomatoes and other parts of the tomato plant. If your cat ingests a substantial amount of solanine, it can lead to gastrointestinal upset, including vomiting and diarrhea. In severe cases, it may cause more severe symptoms.
  2. Allergic Reactions: Cats can be allergic to various foods, including tomatoes. If your cat is allergic, consuming tomatoes can lead to symptoms such as itching, skin irritations, and digestive problems.
  3. Gastrointestinal Distress: Even ripe tomatoes can sometimes lead to digestive issues in cats. Their sensitive stomachs may not tolerate tomatoes well, leading to stomach discomfort or diarrhea.
  4. Choking Hazards: Tomato skins and seeds can pose choking hazards, especially if your cat consumes them whole.

Potential Benefits of Limited Tomato Consumption:

While there are risks associated with cats eating tomatoes, some pet owners choose to offer very small amounts as an occasional treat. Tomatoes are a source of certain vitamins and antioxidants, such as vitamin C and lycopene. However, it’s important to emphasize that cats have different nutritional requirements than humans, and their primary source of nutrition should come from a balanced cat food.

Safe Alternatives for Cat Treats:

If you’re looking to treat your cat, it’s best to stick to cat-specific treats or specially designed catnip-infused toys. These are formulated to meet feline dietary requirements and minimize the risks associated with feeding them human foods.


In summary, while tomatoes contain some nutritional benefits for humans, they may pose risks and potential health issues for cats due to their sensitivity to certain compounds like solanine. It’s generally advisable to avoid offering tomatoes to your cat as part of their regular diet. Instead, focus on providing a balanced and nutritionally complete cat food that meets all their dietary requirements.

As always, if you have any questions or concerns about your cat’s diet, it’s best to consult with your veterinarian. They can provide guidance on the best nutrition for your specific feline companion to ensure their health and well-being.